Many times, the imperfection a lot of people want to correct is not as simple as a wrinkle elimination or a lip augmentation. The position and the shape of the jaw can also play an important role in the harmony and aesthetic balance of the face. Strange as it may seem, it is one of the most important elements that define beauty in the face. Many people who have a protruding chin or a wide, square jawline understand that something is spoiling their looks, but they find it difficult to detect exactly what this is.
It is not uncommon for people to visit the plastic surgeon to fix their nose, when the real problem is actually a little bit lower, with their chin. Although it is a completely different area on the face with respect to the nose, these two elements are related to each other and linked to specific proportions and angles. The size of the jaw affects the way someone perceives the aesthetic of the nose, as it may make it look larger or much smaller than it is.
The chin also affects the balance of a person's face and profile. That is the reason why, in many cases, jawline surgery is considered, along with rhinoplasty, in order to achieve a balanced facial profile (profile surgery). Moreover, it is not unusual to be combined, in some cases, with chin fat removal, resulting in no additional impact on the recovery process.
Types of Jawline Reduction Interventions
There are two types of interventions, surgical and non-surgical, depending on the cause of the problem. The latter is limited to situations where the problem is much more the excessive growth of the masseter, the muscle that helps us chew, and not so much the bone. This involves the use of Botox injections (Learn more on Botox injections as a temporary solution.) in order to atrophy the muscle at the angle of the jaw. However, keep in mind that the result is not permanent.
Jawline reduction surgery, on the other hand, is a procedure that aims to assist in cases where the chin overly projects further from the vertical imaginary line drawn from the root of the nose (macrognathism), or when the jawline is more wide and masculine than desired. The result in both situations is a face in disharmony, combined sometimes with problems of the teeth, as the individual cannot properly close the mouth.
Before Jawline Reduction
It is very important, prior to the procedure, to visit a dentist in order to check for possible underbite, as the lower jaw may be misaligned and require a maxillofacial surgical and orthodontic intervention before the jawline reduction operation. Also, visit a dentist for an examination to make sure the teeth are in good health. Additionally, be very thorough in an oral hygiene routine not only before, but also after surgery, to minimize the risk of post-operative inflammation.
A doctor will guide the patient, along with the help of a computer, about the ideal size of the jawline, according to facial proportions. With a digital photo, he or she can measure how many inches smaller the jaw should be, so that it would be symmetrical to the rest of the patient's features, depending on the nose, the upper jaw and the cheekbones.
What is the process?
The procedure involves the removal of part of the jawbone (osteotomy), either at the chin level or, in some cases, it may be necessary to remove the middle part of the bone along both sides of the jawline at the height of the masseters. The operation is performed under general anesthesia, lasting no more than 1-2 hours.
The access to the bone is usually achieved through the mouth, from a small incision to the crease between the gums and the lower lip. Sometimes, however, according to the patient’s needs, the incision might be external, under the chin. Whatever the case, the sutures used are absorbable, even, in most cases, the external ones, and there are no visible scars or damage to the skin.
What to Expect After Jawline Reduction Surgery
After the procedure, the patient can return home usually within few hours, but, in some cases, may need to stay a night at the hospital for routine observation. In the first few days, side effects may include a little numbness, slight discomfort and moderate pain, which can be eliminated by taking a prescribed painkiller, such as paracetamol. There is no need to worry, though, as these symptoms are only temporary.
The numbness will recede and the discomfort will go away within a few days. In addition, postoperatively, patients should expect some bruising and swelling. This, again, is perfectly normal and will resolve within 2-3 weeks. In such cases, the application of cold compresses or ice packs could be really helpful. For the first 3-4 days, the patient may be asked to wear a special dressing around the jaw. The purpose of this dressing is to prevent hematoma and also to quickly reduce swelling in the area. In case there are external non-absorbable sutures, they are removed after 6 to 7 days.
Recovery from Jawline Reduction Surgery
Postoperatively, if the incision is in the mouth, as with most facial plastic surgery, eating soft foods is suggested, as is washing the mouth with an antiseptic solution for 10 days. It would be a good idea to avoid household chores for a week, although mild everyday activities can commence after three or four days. Most patients can return to work after a week, and mild fitness regimens can be picked up after a couple of weeks.
When will results from a jaw surgery be noticeable?
The end result of jaw reduction surgery is permanent and visible after a month. Patients can enjoy their new profile and the improved, harmonious image, along with the assurance that additional surgical intervention will not be required.
Jawline reduction surgery radically alters the appearance and, as a consequence, also affects psychological and social extroversion for the better, even if there were not deep concerns about it before the procedure. The face will stop having a harsh, oblong appearance and take on a smooth, contoured look, completely in harmony with the patient's personality. A person's entire life can turn around with a gentle curve of the jawline.