Definition - What does Melasma Treatment mean?
Melasma has been described as being resistant to treatment because there is no therapy that can completely eliminate it and it usually reappears in susceptible individuals. For this reason, the use of strong sunscreen for therapeutic purposes is imperative.
In general, the goals of the therapy are the suppression and control of the lesions. Treatments for the melasma may be long-lasting and should only be done only by dermatologists. Non-specialist treatment often results in adverse effects (that means, deeper and more durable lesions).
TheConsultation explains Melasma Treatment
There is a wide variety of treatments depending on the extent of the problem, including skin-lightening creams (such as hydroquinone, retinoid creams, azelaic acid or combination of different agents), chemical peels, microdermabrasion and fractional laser (only in special forms of melasma).
Skin lightening creams act with a specialized mechanism, inhibiting the excessive production of melanin on the skin and improving, thus, the discoloration. On the other hand, the most effective peels for the treatment of melasma are those containing hydroxy acid and they act likewise microdermabrasion by removing excess melanin from the skin. Lastly, the fractional laser is the only one approved by the FDA for use in the treatment of melasma.