Orchiectomy

Definition - What does Orchiectomy mean?

Orchiectomy is a surgical procedure which entails the removal of one or both testicles. The surgery is typically performed as part of the treatment for testicular cancer. Less frequently, an orchiectomy is necessary as part of prostate cancer treatment, or the treatment of a severe injury to the testicles.

Orchiectomy can also be performed as part of gender-reassignment surgery.

TheConsultation explains Orchiectomy

An orchiectomy is the medical procedure during which the testicles are surgically removed. It is used as part of the treatment for prostate cancer, testicular cancer, or severe injury to the testicals. Orchiectomy can also be performed as part of gender-reassignment surgery.

Orchiectomy limits the amount of testosterone produced by the body which can help treat and reduce risk of prostate cancer and breast cancer in men, or be a crucial component in male-to-female gender reassignment surgery due to its influence on hormonal levels.

There are two types of orchiectomy: radical inguinal orchiectomy and simple orchiectomy.

Radical inguinal orchiectomy entails the removal of the spermatic cord and its blood and lymph vessels that potentially contain and spread cancer to other parts of the body, along with the removal of the testicle, and the tumor. A radical inguinal orchiectomy is performed through a small cut in the lower abdomen.

A simple orchiectomy is the surgical removal of the testicle, which is done through an incision made in the scrotum.

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